../tricks/flatland

Sources: bmx.cc, Jeff R., Ride BMX US, American Freestyler, Go, Scott Hagnas, Jeff Tudor, www.bmxfreestyler.com, Mark Dandridge, www.pedalbmx.com, Joe Alder, www.vintagebmx.com, Ken Evans, Howard Avery, BMX Action, BMX Action Bike, www.radbmx.com, Freestylin, Danny Barrado, BMX Plus! july 2000, James McGraw, ...
If you want to add any info, please contact buissonrouge@23mag.com.
Flatland: doing tricks on flat ground, usually nice smooth parking lots. This discipline of bmx involves countless hours of practice to enable a rider to have complete control over his or her bike. It consists of several different styles, and within each style there are a limitless number of tricks. These different styles include:

Basic bike control tricks: flatland was born in the 1970s, starting out as basic bike control tricks like various 180s, 360s, wheelie variations, and rollbacks.

Stationary balance moves, which are also a basic form of flatland riding involving the bike remaining in one position.

Power moves. Generally, these involve supporting your body with your arms. Rolling handstands, for instance, are definitely a power move. While reatively uncomplicated, these tricks were usually considered advanced-level because of their difficulty.

Hopping tricks. As the name leads one to believe, these tricks involve hopping or bouncing to keep balanced. Ex: the infamous cherrypicker. Between 1986 and 1988 everything went overnight from hopping and balancing to rolling and scuffing.

Scuffing or squeaking moves. Aaron Dull, Kevin Jones and one or two other guys discovered scuffing around the end of 1986. The front and rear tires are propelled by a foot; scuffing, also known as "scratching", refers to controlled forward tire! foot sole contact, and squeaking involves using a combination of kicking the front tire backwards and feathering (lightly applying) the brakes for balance, which sometimes makes squeaking noises. Scuffing tricks finally began to fall out of favor in the later 1990s, replaced by smoother rolling tricks where the rider has minimal foot to tire contact.

Rolling tricks: The progression to rolling tricks was made in 1987 and opened up a whole new style of flatlanding. The style is characterized by maneuvers that are glided or coasted forward, usually without using the brakes. Axle pegs are pretty much essential for the doing of rolling tricks, but there are some primitive versions of the rolling trick-like wheelies and framestands, for instance.

Combinations, where several tricks are strung together into one maneuver connecting trick to trick with switches and barflips.

Spinning tricks

Pumping

Brakeless approach: Chase Gouin floatland 1996.

Pegless approach: Chad Johnston, espn.go.com, august 2010: I've been riding pegless somewhere around three to four years now. I think it was spring '06 when I started. One night after a session, I decided to take them off for a few reasons. The next day, Mike Saavedra, Rob Nolli and Ed Nussbaum were in Long Beach for a demo. Robert Castillo was announcing and he called me out. I was surprised that I pulled anything, and the encouragement I received motivated me to push on. It's maybe more of a minimalist influence rather than a pegless approach. I'm really hooked on the pegless thing. I like the fact that I'm not comparable to others. There are a couple other pegless flatlanders (Leo Claro and George Manos) but each of us do different tricks. It's better for me to make tricks my own, without pegs. I like the simplicity of the bike, and it's been interesting to me since watching guys like Stephen Hamilton and Eddie Cleveland.
TRICKS INFOS LINKS
360 roll out Bob Haro BMX Action october 1979: Just when you think there's nothin' else you can do on a bicycle, somebody comes up with a new trick that blows holes in your shorts. (...) Similar to the famed Rock Walk but slightly more advanced is the 360 roll out. (...) The inventor of this rad trick is my ol' army buddy, Curtis Louie. (...) When told of this trick I thought it was going to be just the regular stand-still 360. But no, it's done cruisin' speed. Pretty hectic, Curtis ! Curtis Louie 1979
amazone Hang five family: hang five switch feet
ankle death Brett Downs, www.pedalbmx.com, november 2005: Mark Eaton made up ankle death in 87. It is a whiplash where you don't switch feet on the pegs. When the frame come around, you catch the pedal with your foot and keep the other foot on the peg so your ankle is sandwiched between the tire and frame.
antrider Brett Downs, www.pedalbmx.com, november 2005: Ceppie Maes made up the antrider in 85 or 86. Mike Buff might have come up with the name which rumor had it meaning an uncircumsised penis.

h_man, www.pedalbmx.com, november 2005: James White was doing rolling antriders in the mid 90's. I'm pretty sure Leif Valin invented it circa 1991.
around the moon David Chabert 1987
around the world cf decade.
backpacker 1989 AFA MAsters round 2, Kevin Jones took the hitchiker one step further by rolling its reverse version called the backpacker. That's Kev, he's always innovating.
backward Jason Harrison, august 2005: I used to ride as a regional pro in the southeastern US for General Bikes from around 86 / 87 until 1990.  Back when forwards rolling tricks were just coming into their own I flipped everything backwards and to the best of my knowledge I was the first person to come up with the following:
Note: Backwards means that I flip the bike 180 (first half of a rock-walk) at medium speeds and start the following tricks rolling backwards.

• Backwards Hang 5 (1987)
• Backwards One Handed Hang 5 (1987)
• Backwards Cross-Footed Hang 5 (1987)
• Backwards Hang Nothing (1987)
• Backwards Whiplashes (1987)
• Backwards Hitchhiker (1988)
• Backwards Cyborg (1987)
• Backwards Hang 10 (1987)
• Backwards One Handed Hang 10 (1987)
• Backwards Ashtray (1987) (An elbow glide variation – flip 180 to rolling backwards, step to the side of the bike, throw a whiplash and catch the seat with your elbow as the whiplash comes around  - sort of like in an ankle-death position, but back end off the ground in an elbow glide – once the seat is caught you immediately swing into a tight circle rolling backwards for a couple of rotations – I’ve never seen anyone else do these to date – it was called an Ashtray because of the round circle you would end up doing at the end (like a round ashtray) and because it was a fairly hard trick that “burned” most of the riders who tried it in and around where I rode the most.)
• Backwards Cross-Footed Ashtray – Same as above, but opposite footed. (1988)
• Rollercoaster – A G-Turn standing on the rear pegs to a decade off the rear pegs (1986)
• Combo #5 – Backwards hang 5 to a cross footed backwards hang 5 to a backwards, cross-footed backwards whiplash, to a smith decade out.  (there is another variation that replaces the smith decade with a gyrator to a smith decade and out, but that one came a bit later) (1989)
I can still do all of these tricks today and ride as often as I can despite being the owner of my company, married with two daughters, and just turned 37 years old.
backward decade Jeff R.: Joe Gruttola was doing these in 87' I believe.

Freestyle BMX UK april 1988 how to do: To do this trick you must know the bike like your own body. Jason Webb goes around in backward infinity roll, then when he's ready and not before, he jams on the back caliper, launches off the rear tyre and floats around the head tube. He makes sure his right foot contacts with the frame again, sort of sits down on the bars and rides away.
Jason Webb 1988

Trond Huso 1992
backyard A scuffing trick performed by a foot push and control on the tires, while facing away from the frame on the back pegs. Squeak de la roue arrière. Dos au guidon.

Tim Treacy from San Francisco came up with what could be the first scuffing trick.

Jeff R.: Joe Gruttola was the first guy i saw do spinning/spastic backyards, one of the original scuffers...
Pete Kearney and Gary Pollak 1987.

Zak Shaw 1989.
bar stand On fait un bar stand en se mettant debout sur la barre centrale du guidon alors que grip stand (ou rubber ride) se fait sur les poignées du guidon.

doppelganger, www.vintagebmx.com, october 2005: The first ever pictured bar ride was on the cover of April 1986 Freestyle Spectacular magazine. It was Woody Itson who worked on this trick with Martin Aparijo.


Dave Vanderspek tried a backwards grip ride for the first time in a contest at the 1986 AFA Masters finals. R.L Osborn revealed it at the next one, the1987 AFA Masters round 1.
James McGraw, february 2011: I was the first to do backwards rubber rides in the Velodrome(1986) right after Woody was on the cover of the mag doing forwards. I was expert and the only person doing them.

Back in 1989, Perry Mervar's own creation called "The Perry Doom" was one of the crowd (and judge) favorite. It's a move where he jumps up into a rubber ride from his rear pegs. Sick! Viennie Pugh from Sidney, Australien does the Perry Doom in Soul Videomag Number 22 (2003).
Woody Itson bar stand on the April 1986 cover of Freestyle Spectacular.

David Chabert bar stand 1987.

R.L. Osborn backwards grip ride 1987.

Patrice Kharoubi backwards grip ride 1990.
blender Cross footed Circle K. Spinning blender on the pedal by Sean Peters on the cover of Ride august 1995

Phil Dolan spinning 1996
boomerang The boomerang is one of the oldest tricks in cycling. Pat Romano introduced it to the world of freestyle; it was one of the tricks his family performed on bikes on ice in the Ice Capades, using their special bikes. Woody Itson was probably the first freestyler to do the trick on a regular freestyle bike. The rider jumps from either the pedals or rear dropouts while tucking the legs into the chest and spins around with the handlebars 360 degrees.

1986, Boomerankle is a Jason Parkes original.

1987, Joe Alder is doing un-boomerang; a cross handed boomerang in which your body moves but your bars stay stationary.

1987, Chris Day is completing double boomerang endos (with the rear wheel off the ground)

Brett Downs, www.pedalbmx.com, june 2005: People like Eddie Fiola and Scott Freeman would do boomerangs with the brake locked the whole time. Kevin Jones came up with the rolling freestyle version and then did multiples by kicking off the back tire rather than the top tube and called it the hang glider. (...) One was a hang glider and multiples were hang gliders. We always called a double without touching a double without touching. It never really had a proper name that I know of. Chris Day' flail boomerang could be done with no brakes but if you ever saw him stomp his landings you would know that he hit the brakes at the end. It was the same as one of Kevin's.

Boomerdog: Kev's '86 variation.
Martin Aparajo was doing a boomerang starting and ending on the same side called a flail return in 1986.
The Gary Roll which is a Randy roll but You land the right foot on the top tube.
Boomerankle: do a boom and land with your right foot backwards on the right pedal
Boomerack: do a boom and land riding backwards
Pencil boom: do a boom with straight legs
Spider boom: do a rolling boom with you knees on top of your elbows
Fakie boom: do a rolling boom and come back to the side you started on
baby boom: Dale Mitzel used to do them fast and scrunched up so he looked teeny.

Jfos, www.pedalbmx.com, june 2005: ...a flail isnt a randy roll but if you do more than one randy roll its Randy Rolls...unless your not touching the right leg first if rotating clockwise or the left foot first if rotating counter clockwise ya know can can kind of style if you went normal foot first itd be normal run of the mill boomerangs no matter how many were done...if you had the brake applied atleast 35% of the rotation if you didnt have the brake applied itd be rolling boomerangs ..even if you did have the brake applied..but less than 15% of the rotation... if you go around more than once and keep rolling then its multiple flails..unless you dont use the brake or do..but LISTEN PEOPLE IT HAS TO BE OFF THE PEDAL ..or back peg...either way its a flail but you gotta roll!..unless you didnt go off the pedal if you did but didnt roll and applied the brake the entire route then landed back on the pedal it would be a pedal to pedal boomerang unless the fron accidently pops up then we have a whole new set of "what da hellz" that'd be a pedal to pedal decade...unless it was rolling..then it'd be a pedal to pedal rolaid..which no doubt would be badmuvafugginazz even if you did hit the brake for a nano......if you went off the peg itd be a boomerang IF you used to brake and the front end stayed down..now if you do none of the above no matter what itd be a handglider('s) of course....you simply add s's to multiply the 'splainin...but then you have to do more than one and a half...a half isnt a whole... my question would be... if I spend the day doing brakeless boomerangs no more than one at a time..am I doing boomerangs? or multiple single boomerangs over a period of time?

BankRoll
American Freestyler august 1987: One prominent SoCal freestyle scene figure has put up a $100 reward for the first person to master a roll-back-into-a-boomerang-into-a-roll-back combo. The trick is already named "The Bankroll" (because of the mysterious bounty). The prize will be paid in silver bars to the first person perfecting the trick. This will he done in person at a SoCal AFA contest.

Josh Marsele, www.vintagebmx.com: It seemed that the naming of the no-touch boomerangs was regional. In New England we called them Hangliders, in TX they called them Untouchables, in NY they called it a Triple Bypass, and the last version I saw in Expert, was the foot on the crossbar variety invented by RL and called the Xerox Machine.

Chris Day, www.pedalbmx.com, april 2006: The very FIRST rolling boomerangs (and multiple boomerangs and tailwhips also)were done by Jason Parkes in San Diego (I rode with him, Dave Nourie, Eddie Roman, Pete Augustin,and Dave Voelker every weekend at Hamel's in Mission Beach back in 84-86. I saw it with my own eyes & his style totally molded my style for sure.He was doing them in early 85. I came up with the infamous "flail" boomer in early /mid 86 (rolling w/ legs over head/ lifted up & land directly on pedal brakeless)It was covered in Freestylin mag Dec. 86 (the 1st "undergrounders" article.Kevin's version was different(86)he did a rolling boomerang and held his legs up around his knees for a few seconds and then came down.They called it a "hangglider". He also did the tap the back tire version at that same time.I saw it at the famous velodrome contest in 87. The other version mentioned that I invented was the"touchless"hanggliders(multiple boomers w/out touching the bike)Freestylin'mag-mid 87. To this day it is still one of the hardest flat tricks to do:I dare you to try it. Humbled & glad to help out w/ flat trivia. Yes, I still ride. Peace.
Pat Romano in BMX Action april 1983.

Jason Parkes boomerankle 1986.
caboose Brett Downs, www.pedalbmx.com, november 2005: Aaron Dull and Kevin Jones invented two tricks at the same time on different coasts. The stick bitch is Aaron's name and Kevin called it the caboose.

It's what you get into from a dump truck.

Freestylin december 1987

Jesse Puente right side 1989

Effraim Catlow on the pedal 1991.

Gabe Weed cross footed 1999.

BMXXX 2002
candyman The candyman is like a backyard but your scuffing foot is over the crossbar of the handlebars like a candybar. Rick Allison used to do them in the late 80's.
catapulte Jerry Smith 1988
Jeff R.: Aka smith decade, named after I believe Gerry Smith from Florida....
Joe Alder, aprl 2005: I think we used to call the "catapult" or "Smith decade" a "cow maneuver".
John Yull en 1989

Alexis Desolneux 1989
cherrypicker A new level of difficulty. The rider places a foot on the rear tire behind the bottom bracket and swings their other leg over the head tube and rests the other foot on the seat tube. Then either using the handlebars for stability or clamping the legs tightly, the rider bounces up and down causing the entire bike to hop on the rear wheel.
En français, celui qui cueille les cerises.

The cherrypicker is one of Martin Aparijo 's inventions.
Derek Oriee, www.vintagebmx.com, february 2005: Urban legend states that Martin Aparijo invented the cherry picker on a skateboard first before converting it to a bmx freestyle trick.
Martin Aparijo, BMX Action Bike march 1986: A lot of tricks are invented by making mistakes. You go out and ride, you do something wrong, you make a variation on it and it kinda goes from here. The cherrypicker got invented 'cos we used to do the trick where you ride the bike like a uni-cycle. The thing is you can't actually ride the bike so I thought I'd try and pogo it, so I went in my garage and held on to the roof, stood on my bike and pogoed it. But getting in and out of the cherrypicker was a completely different story. What I'd do was I would just get myself up there and I'd just let myself fall. Then I'd figure out where the pedal is. I'd reset the pedal and get back up. I learnt how to get out the trick before I could get into it.
David Chabert 1986

DMC 1987

How to in BMX Action january 1987.
circle K Kevin Jones.
Brett Downs, www.pedalbmx.com, may 2005: Circle K was made up at Mt. Rose and called side donut. You kick with the right foot. Everyone else called it circle K. If you kick with the left foot it's E Squeak, E standing for Eaton.
cliffhanger Matt Hulgan, www.pedalbmx.com, march 2005: I'm pretty sure Bill Freeman invented it. I only remember one photo of him in the magazines in Go #1 War of the Stars coverage.

L'alpiniste en français, de la famille du hang five: passer derrière la selle, mettre les deux pieds sur les pegs, lacher les mains.
Chase Gouin backward august 1990.
cowboy BMX Speed 1984

Cowboy one hand BMX Speed 1985
crackpacker Gliding wheelchair invented by Pete Brandt in 1989. Pete Brandt no handed 1989

York Uno no handed turbine 2002
crank a roni While you are in a rope-a-roni, you grab the pedal and pedal with your hand to keep going.

Jeff Tudor: I'm pretty sure Johnathan Garcia (Schwinn/Predator) invented this circa 1987.
cyborg Cyborg... Hang Five with the seat on your side resting on your thigh...Old RL Osborn trick.
darkside stuff Chad Degroot created this kind of links in 1993: UpsideDown Wheelie to Backpacker, Hitchiker to Gliding Caboose, ...
Chad Degroot, Encounters, 2012: It was a good session one random day. Then I was falling and didn’t want to put my foot down so it hit the bars and the backend swung up. Almost naturally I jumped to the pegs. After a few tries it was easy and looked cool as hell. It then spawned the front to back and back to front variations. To this day I still do that trick almost every time I ride, it just flows and feels sweet.
death truck Rolling a back Peg Wheelie and pulling the body over the handlebars.

Kevin Jones 1986
The name death truck came as an evolution of the dump truck. The Trolley came right after the Caboose. Why Trolley? Maybe just cuz it is similar. It was also called a Puppet, possibly because it looked theyre was a bike coming out of your... Jones invented a way to roll into the Trolley right after the Dumptruck and it was just so damned sick a trick, with such a penaly for failure, people called it a Deathtruck.

Jason Weatherly, www.pedalbmx.com, november 2005: I may be wrong but I think that a Puppet and a Trolley are two different tricks based upon which way you stand over the headtube. If you stand forward (like a Death Truck) then its a Puppet and if you stand backwards then its a Trolley.

Chad Johnston was the first to do the backward death truck.
Alexis Desolneux 1989

Bmx Freedom cover february 2004
decade Dean Palacios invented the Decade.
He originally called it the inverted boomerang. Dean was a member of San Diego's DSB (Down South Boys) Trick Team and mainly a ramp rider.

Fred Blood pulled some in 1985.
A decade is called like that because it took the inventor (Fred Blood) ten days to learn.

Gary Pollack was the first one to do perverted decades (decade off the rear pegs) in 1986.

Howard Avery: Chase Gouin was doing triple decades in 1991 and quadruple decades in 1993. Jamie Macintosh was pulling quadruple decades in 1997.

Steve Roy 1994: I've done lots of four decades in a row.
bicross magazine #43

Martin Aparijo 1986

Rick Moliterno 1988
dump truck First there was the Caboose; where you scuffed with the bike trailing somewhat behind you. When a way was devised to roll into that trick instead of just Endo, people called it a Dumptruck...cuz you're rolling with the bike in front of you and in one motion you dump it behind you.

Kevin Jones 1987
At the 1987 AFA Masters finals in Carson, CA., Kevin Jones amazed people. His routine was incredible. He put together impossible tricks and even turned his bike upside down while riding a wheelie from the rear pegs (a trick he calls the dump truck), and he never touched the ground at all.
Kevin Jones 1988
elbow glide Placing one foot on one of the front pegs with one side of the body and the opposite elbow tucked with the seat to control the balance point.
Se mettre sur le côté du vélo, soulever l'arrière en poussant le guidon en avant, attraper la selle sous le coude, rouler ainsi sur la roue avant.

Kevin Jones

En 1990, Perry Mervar rentre elbow glide avec le pied sur la pédale; en 1999 Day Smith pose le sien sur la potence.
Sebastien woody Bonnot 1989

Day Smith 1999
elbow glide reverse Lancer le cadre en whiplash. Lorsqu'il arrive du côté du pied posé sur le pegs, coincer la selle sous le coude et continuer à rouler. switch feet 1988

Sebastien woody Bonnot 1989
elephant glide Kevin Jones Kevin Jones 1987.
endo The original flatland trick. Done by either sharply applying the front brakes at low speed or running the front wheel into a curb causing the rear wheel to lift off of the ground above the front. An Alternate way to do this is by jamming either of your feet into the fork.
fire hydrant Jason Parkes did the first fire hydrant as we know the trick today (backwards front peg wheelie like going into a mccircle and then whipping the frame back around) but it was just called a rolling tailwhip.

Gary Pollack then came up with a rolling tailwhip to cherry picker and the combo was called a fire hydrant. That is the original fire hydrant ! Straight to a cherry picker.

Later, everyone started calling rolling tailwhips a fire hydrant.
fork glide The rider stands on the front peg and spins 180 degrees. From here the rider can use their foot on the tire to move along. This trick is commonly used as a starting point to other tricks.
framestand How to with Barry Hughes in BMX Biker Monthly issue 6, 1984.
freak squeak Joe Grutolla made up the freak squeak (barsplit front wheel scuff)
frontyard Joe Grutolla the front yard (in front of the bars front wheel scuff).
Squeak de la roue avant avec un pied sur le pegs avant, l'autre par dessus le guidon et le cadre derrière soi.
fudge packer Fudge packer is a 2 footed coasting Stick Bitch.
funky chicken Le poulet joyeux fait partie de la famille des squeaks.

Etsgo, june 2003: The funky chicken I think was invented by Pollack, because the first time I had seen it some called it a "Pinky Shuffle".

Brett Downs, www.pedalbmx.com, november 2005: Aaron Dull made up the funky chicken and chick whips.
Dennis McCoy 1987

Freestylin november 1987
gerator Brett Hernandez team Dyno circa 1988 Freestylin magazine. Jesse Puente cross footed 1994
grip stand cf. bar stand.
g-roll Glen Gollrad, january 2008: It was part of the evolution from scuffing tricks to rolling tricks - and was the bastard child - and a lot smoother - than the Rope-a-Roni. I appeared in Freestylin in September of 1988 doing one, and also doing the step-by-step how to. Glen Gollrad 1988
guillotine Jeff R.: Eric Emerson, 1988, he did them into forward rope-a-ronis to lard yards in a magazine in 1989 or so, don't know he "invented" them cross footed or not, just was the first guy I saw doing them...

Hang five family: hang five cross footed.
gumby Dave Nourie invented this particular maneuver called the "Gumby" in 1984.

Dave Nourie: I invented this trick in 1984 after seeing Robert Peterson do the "Peterson" a no footer in the same postion while holding the front break. I had no front break at the time. So, I came up with this.
Dave Nourie 1985
gut lever Brian Scura, Freestyle august 1987: I've invented few tricks. I guess the first trick I ever invented was the Gut Lever. Martin Aparijo and I started working with it and Woody always gets mad when we don't include him in that. Woody's invented so many tricks that he doesn't need this one. The Gut Lever was kind of the first trick that I was in on. Eddie Fiola 1984
half packer half of a backpacker Rick Moliterno 1990
hang five Accrocher 5 doigts de pied en roulant sur la roue avant.

Kevin Jones, Ride BMX UK august 2005: The Hang Five. As weird as it seems, at the time, at least for the first month or so, I just treated it as a way to get into the squeaker. I had a contest routine and I started off with a squeaker and then I did a whole routine or whatever. And then the next time I wanted to do the same combo and add some shit to it. I was messing around in my garage and I figured instead of hitting my brakes I could just pop up and coast a little bit to the end of my garage, do it forward for a while then go into a squeaker. First I went five feet and I was stoked, then ten feet, then I ran out of space, then I went out into the street, which is kind of a slant, and I went to the top of the road and I hauled down the road doing it. It was something that I learned in ten minutes; like ten minutes before I couldn't do it, then I was going a couple of hundred feet. And I was freaking out. It didn't open up any doors at the time, really, because there wasn't a hitchhiker, there wasn't a lot of front wheel rolling type combos. So I pretty much did it no-footed, did it one-handed, did little combos out of it. Then later, of course, it led to much more stuff. I remember showing people and I didn't even think it was a good trick at the time. I thought it was a corky way to get into something, almost like a peg wheelie. Then I went to a contest and did it and everybody thought they were seeing a brand new trick, like something totally different. I thought that was cool. Then everybody learned it.

Elbow hang five.
Glenn Mehltretter, august 2005: I invented the elbow hang 5 called a “lazy man” hang 5. I even did it in a contest at woodward in 1991. I have not tried it with both arms lately but I can do it with one arm still. I also did them with no feet and called them a “true” hang nothing.
American Freestyler cover november 1987

Elbow hang five, Glenn Mehltretter, 2005.
hang nothing Similar to the Hang Five, but without either foot on the peg. Both feet are used as a counterbalance. Rien d'accroché. Souvent appelé hang ten en France pour les raisons que nous donne ici Vincent Ollive.
Vincent Ollive, www.agoride.com, octobre 2004: HANG 5 signifie "Hydropression Absolue en Neutralisation Génitale", le 5 modélisant les 5 bars de pression auxquels est soumis la couille gauche (ou la couille droite, si vous êtes gaucher) lors de l'exécution de la figure. Avec les 2 pieds dans le vide, vous êtes soumis à une force 4 fois plus grande mais répartie sur une surface de couilles seulement 2 fois plus grande. Ainsi vos parties sont elles soumises cette fois à 10 bars de pression, d'où le nom, HANG 10.
Laurent Series 1989 derrière la selle

Sebastien woody Bonnot 1989

Superman hang nothing Rene Jansen 1996
hang ten Similar to the Hang Five, but with both feet on the front pegs. 10 doigts de pieds accrochés.

James McGraw, february 2011: I did the first hang ten up against the bars across the floor of the 1987 Ohio AFA Masters.

Kevin jones started doing no handed hang ten thighs against the handlebars that would later become a cliffhanger done behind the seat.
hitchiker Kevin Jones november 1988
Kevin was already regarded as the flatland innovator at the time, but when rumors about the hitchhiker started surfacing people couldn't believe it. A hitchhiker might be called like that because Kevin used to do a little thumbs-up (like a hitchhiking sign) with his free hand when he was doing them.
Todd Pelio, www.facebook.com: Kev explained once that the hitchhiker came from trying to invent a front wheel undertaker.

The impossible new K.Jones trick, AFA Masters round1, Austin, TX, 13-14 mai 1989.
Freestylin september 1989: Unfortunately, no flatland pros showed, leaving Kevin Jones without a class. After he refused to demo at the contest, many were left disappointed. Later, he unveiled the hyped hitchiker and backpacker across the street from Trend Bike Source. As fair warning to anyone considering entering Pro flatland, these tricks are more impressive than a doctorate degree in biochemistry from Harward (they're good).
Before you try learning it, remember what your mother always told you about hitchiking.


Cross footed by Jesse Puente 1991.

Nohanded Hitchhiker Clint Millar 1991.

Hitchhiker to half Kickflip by Kevin Jones in Freedom BMX magazine #1 1993.

Martti Kuoppa one footed Hitchhiker 1999.

jffe, www.pedalbmx.com, november 2005: The hitchiker to caboose move is how Kevin Jones got out of hikers the first week he learned them, and Chad DeGroot later gained some notariety for doing hikers into halfpackers by flipping the bike over on the handlebars.

Justin Miller pulled double hitchhiker kickflips in 2005.
Kevin Jones may 1989

Jesse Puente cross-footed hitchiker 1992

Martti Kuoppa hitchiker kickflip 1998

Ride BMX US november 2000
hurricane Brian Scura, Freestyle august 1987: I've invented the Hurricane, which is an infinity roll with the bars spinning around.
i hops A Woody Itson innovation.
infinity roll Martin Aparijo invented the infinity roll.

How to Backward Infinity Roll with R.L. Osborn in BMX Plus! may 1986.

American Freestyler, august 1987: Woody Itson was the first guy we ever saw do the "bionic" infinity roll. The difference is that In the bionic version, the seat and bars are held together in one hand, and the bike goes around in circles super fast. If you get dizzy easily, take some Dramamine before you even attempt this trick.
Patrice Kharoubi 1987
insanity roll

Brett Downs, www.pedalbmx.com, november 2005: Oleg Konning's insanity roll was basically a cross footed stick bitch or caboose. He had the right foot on the left back peg and squeaked the back tire in a forward motion.

karl kruiser The original Karl Kruiser, invented by none other than Karl Rothe, was like a backward side glide.
The Dave Duster is a forward karl kruiserj.
Karl Rothe in Freestylin july 1987.

Karl Rothe 1989.

BMX Plus! march 1993.
katrina www.agoride.com, janvier 2006: Quand le nouveau Ride US est sorti, ça a fait l'effet d'une bombe, et la première chose qu'on s'est demandé c'est: Mais il fait quoi là Terry ? C'est quoi ce tricks de malade ? Le tricks est en fait un links de crackpacker à backpacker en jump mais pendant une demi seconde le vélo est en l'air et tenu par uniquement une main !
Terry Adams, www.agoride.com, january 2006: I thought of trick and thought it was impossible. After thinking about it I started trying and and soon realized it was impossible or so i thought, About a week later I went outside on a mission and I was so stoked to see that my feet actually made it to the pegs. I had to learn to jump really light on my feet because the handlebar tend to move when i jump. I had to learn to jump high but very soft. The name of this trick/link is katrina, I named it this because I learned it during one of the worst storms in history of my state (katrina). At this point it is my favorite new trick . I am very stoked that I have thought of this link. I am also stoked that I made it happen but yes i think I can do much better in time.
Ride US february 2006.
locomotive Kevin Jones 1987
Joe Alder, april 2005: Kevin Jones did the first locomotive in early 1987. John Huddleston (PA native) did the first tail whip into hyper locomotive (spinning) in late 1987 also.

1990, Perry Mervar is doing coasting locomotive into backwheel G-turn into forwards locomotive. He calls it the turbine. (il pose les deux pieds sur les pegs et tourne en cercles tellement réduits qu'il part en arrière puis son corps se relance pour revenir en position initiale).
Kevin Jones 1987.

Rick Moliterno 1987

Patrice Kharoubi 1989

Dylan Worsley, cross-footed coasting locomotives while standing on the pedal, 1994
macaronis Jeff R.: Jeff Rugg was "one" of the first guys I saw doing macaronis: rolling up into a rope-a-roni from the side, not boomeranging then jerking the bike up into it like everyone was doing at the time.
mc circle The mc in mccircle does indeed stand for McKee.
Freestylin october 1987: Marc McKee invented it, McCoy refined it, Denny Howell owned it.
Ken Evans, october 2005: Denny Howell and I grew up as next door neighbors and we rode together all day every day.  Denny did that trick in such tight circles that it literally looked like his front wheel never moved from one spot and he spun faster than everyone else on that trick.  Denny came up with a similar trick on the back tire - someone dubbed it the "Howell Spin" but I don't know if it ever stuck or not.
megaspin BMX Plus! july 2000: One of Jason Parkes' early rolling and spinning moves. One foot on the rear peg and the other kicking the tire as the byke spins on the back wheel.

Megaspin to tailwhip air to megaspin. Martti Kuoppa. 2006.
miami hopper The rider stands on the pedals and grasps the seat tip in right hand, and the front brake lever in left hand. The rider quickly applies the front brake and simultaneously rotates the handlebars 90 degrees counterclockwise towards the seat and pulls up sharply on the seat. This will cause the rear of the bike to rise up and seemingly flip over the front. If landed correctly, the front wheel will lay parallel to the ground and the right handlebar grip will be balancing on the ground leaving the rider perched above the rear wheel. From this position, the rider can make various poses, kick the bike out to the side and lay it down, or lean back sharply and reverse the trick and ride away. *note* the hands and handlebar directions would be reversed if the bike was set up with the front brake lever on the right hand side.

Miami hopper first appeared in the march 1985 issue of BMX Action.
R.L. Osborn, BMX Action march 1985: When I was doing some freestyle shows in Miami, Florida, this winter, saw one at the locals do the trick. His name was Paul Hopper, and he's a really nice guy. After I got this trick wired, I came up with a few variations of my own, and since Paul had no real name for it, I'm calling it The Miami Hopper after him. Before I go any further, I just want to remind you folks that trick riding can be hazardous to your health, so ABSOLUTELY use your safety gear - helmet, elbow pads, gloves, and long pants at the minimum while you're learning this or any trick. Whether you use it after you've got the tricks wired is up to you, but use your best judgment. Now, on to the trick. The Miami Hopper is an advanced maneuver; a beginner shouldn't EVEN try to do it. You should know how to do a bar endo, which some people also call a dip, before you' attempt this. I'm just going to show you how to do the basic trick, and you can work on the variations later once you have everything dialed. The first thing you do is roll forward slowly, standing on your pedals with your knees slightly bent and your weight back. Then, like a front brake endo, you start by grabbing the front brake and throwing your weight forward while you let the rear of the bike come up into your body and you tuck your buns WAY back. But for The Hopper you have to do a few other things in rapid order. As you grab the front brake you quickly crank the bars to the left so that they're at a 90 degree angle to the rest of the bike. Make sure you keep the front brake locked at all times. Then you let go of the bars with your right hand and use it to grab the back of the seat. This makes it easier to tuck WAY back and gives you more control for balancing, As the endo progresses, let the bike go all the way forward so that the lower end of the bars gently touches down on the ground. Between the front wheel and the end of the bars, you're now set up on sort of a tripod. Your front wheel will probably be flexing a whole bunch. At this point, you're constantly trying to find your balance point. You'll be twisting the bars and the bike back and forth so that the rear end of the bike stays pointed skyward. It helps if you leave your left hand on the grip and front brake lever, but bring the bars around until you can grab both the grip end AND the front of the seat in your left hand while still keeping a two-finger death grip on the brake lever. Balance for as long as you can. Then, to get back to the normal riding position, move your hand from the back of the seat to the halfway point of the seat post, lean forward slightly, and then throw your weight back HARD 'cause it's way harder to get out of this trick than it is to get into it. The faster you pull back, the easier it is to keep your balance. As the rear end is heading back toward Mother Earth, release your hold on the seat post, straighten out the front wheel,- and grab the right grip. Hold onto the front brake lever until the back wheel reaches the ground. When the back end touches down, you'll naturally go for a short rollback, and then you just ride out of it. That's it !! The Miami Hopper took me about three days before I had it down. I recommend that riders learning this trick put the bike in the vertical position and then practice how to balance before trying to ride into it.
Jason Weatherly, www.pedalbmx.com, november 2005: The miami hopper was first called a "bar endo", then a miami hopper (which was kinda dumb because at first no one "hopped" a miami "hopper"), then when they started hopping them they became "miami hop hops", then with locking levers there came no-handed miami hop hops and then finally like 1986 or 87 Martin Aparijo pulled the no-handed bar spin miami hop hops, where he would flip the bars between hops.
Brett Downs, www.pedalbmx.com, november 2005: The bar endo probably preceeded the miami hopper. RL Osborn was doing shows in Miami when he met a guy named Steve Hopper doing the trick. RL did a how to in BMXA and gave it the name Miami Hopper. Park Carter did no handed miami hop hops in 87 or 88.
Danny Barrado, august 2007: My name is Bong Air and my trick is the Miami Hopper which was named after my riding partner  Hopper Paul by R L Osborn when he visited us in Miami in 1984. The event was the World of Wheels auto show at the Hollywood Sportatorium. There was a contest for BMX TRICKS run by MCS bicycles and NFA.This is where the BAR STALL (Miami Hopper) was first used in a contest.The announcer said here is Bong Air, I roll out on my Haro Freestyler, open up a tallboy can of budweiser and pound it. Then I went out and did all the latest tricks flawlessly including the bar stall on the top of the wedge ramp, I gave it my all and from the crowd response I knew that I had won without a doubt. They gave me third place, team MCS got first and second. I confronted the judges and they said they didn't like the way I drank a beer. I told them to go to hell.The fool they gave second to had a cast on his broken arm and the other guy was lame. R L was there and knows the story, we showed him the barstall and he showed us how to do front wheel squeekers on the wedge ramp. I have pictures of the barstall when I first did it in dec 1983. Hopper picked it up soon after, and together we came up with all the variations including the Elephant Stall where we put our bikes together, I hold the bikes and he does a handstand on the seatposts. I still have my Haro Master with number plate signed by R L  84. I still can do my trick Barstall.

Dave Nourie spins the miami hopper at 1:10min in the BMX Plus! freestyle raddest tricks video.
R.L. Osborn BMX Action march 1985.
monster whip Adam Kun landed the first time ever in BMX Flatland the upsidedown tailwhip in Nyíregyháza, april 2011 and named it as "Monster whip". Filmed 2011 04 04 Nyíregyháza, Hungary Sevisual - HT2011
nourie stand Nathan Bryan 1985
pedal picker Woody Itson.

Pedaling pedal pickers.
James McGraw, february 2011: Myself and Bill Neuman did pedaling pedal pickers in 87 across the floor of the Ohio AFA Master.
perry doom cf. bar stand.
perverted boomerang The perverted boomerang was invented by Gary "pinky" Pollak. From back pegs over headtube to frame and pedal.

Large Ray came up with the name perverted boomerang because he saw Gary doing decades without stepping on the seat tube. It was an inverted boomerang but perverted sounded better.

Became pervert.
pinky squeaks Gary Pollack 1986
In january 1987, Gary R.Pollack of King of Prussia Pennsylvania debuted in the Undergrounder of the Freestylin magazine. This was when he first spoke of his invented trick of tailwhip squeakers aka Pinky squeaks. The original pinky squeaks weren't involving the peg. Gary Pollack was doing them with his foot on the tire and as the frame would come around he would step on the top tube.
Gary Pollack 1987
plastic man Jesse Puente 1992.

The plastic man is a coasting Karl Cruiser or Freak Squeak - your right foot is on the left front peg, you left leg is over the bars and you are coasting - no handed.
BMX Plus! june 1992

Jesse Puente Worlds 1994
randy roll Randy Tischman was Kuwahara's ramp guy. The randy roll was his flat move around 1987. It's a flail boomerang landing on the frame still rolling.
rock walk The first flatland trick.
www.vintagebmx.com, july 2005: In the late 1970s Bob Haro was the staff artist for BMXA in Torrance, California. On weekends he would drive to San Diego to ride bikes with his friend John Swanguen. In September of 1978 Bob Osborn saw Haro doing a Rock Walk in the parking lot outside the Wiz Pubs offices during lunch break. Osborn immediately photographed the trick. The resulting article, "Trick riding... a whole new thing", was published in the January/February 1979 issue of BMXA. Here is a quote from the article: "Haro and Swanguen used to ride Skateboard Heaven in San Diego, trying to out-trick each other. Gradually the tricks evolved out of the skatepark bowls and onto the flatlands, where they were refined and improved to fit the new environment." The Rock Walk was not just a step up in difficulty over stunts kids had been doing on bikes for decades, it was an evolutionary leap...and it was BMX-bike specific...meaning it is highly improbable that this trick could have been invented on any other kind of bicycle existing at the time. For the above reasons, and because our research turned up zero evidence of any earlier flatland tricks, the Rock Walk is hereby entered into this history as the first documented flatland freestyle trick.
Bob Haro 1978
rollaids Joe Alder invented them in 1987.
Joe Alder, april 2005: Derrick Schott and I both invented the rollaid in 1987. I was at a contest in PA with Ross Smith, the Plywood Hoods, and all the others, and thought of rolling a decade. I pulled it off after a few hours of trying. I remember it well because it was in June on my birthday. I spoke with Derrick at the Columbus OH AFA contest later that year (October I think), and learned that he had invented it in July or August and named it the same thing - crazy coincidence. Since he is younger, he performed before I did. The crowd loved it, and I was psyched for him (he was brilliant that day). Back then, two people inventing the same trick wasn't entirely uncommon. Aaron Dull and Kevin Jones had several of the same independently.
Jeff R.: Rolaids aka rolling decades were also first shown by a Florida rider, named Schott, Derick I think was his first name, he is shown doing one in slow motion in BMX Plus!'s 101 tricks part II video, circa 88' or 89'.

Double and triple rollaids by Ross Smith in 1995.
rope-a roni Kevin Jones.

Got its name frome cured meat sticks of the same name sold at a Rutter's convenience store where Kevin Jones perfected the trick.

Jffe, www.pedalbmx.com, november 2005 : The first guy in a magazine doing rope-a-roni's was Chris Day oddly enough, but if Kevin Jones said he made it up before that, I'd put my bet on Jones. Things were happening/progressing way too fast from 88' til about 91'. Rick Moliterno had turned pro, and did the first straddle-roni at an AFA comp in early 1988, and at that same comp, Gerry Smith and Chris Day were both working on forward rope-a-ronis.

Mark Eaton was trying forward roparonis back in 1986. Everyone watching really didn't think it was possible to get into.
Freestyle BMX UK april 1988 How to.

Alexis Desolneux 1989
scuffing tricks Maurice Meyer, www.freedombmx.de: Oleg Konings was perhaps the forgotten pro from Nor Cal. He rode pro flatland for Skyway and was easily the most innovative of all of us. He was the first person I ever saw do a tire scuffing trick - the insanity roll. It didn't appear in the magazines until years after he invented it and at a time when it wasn't quite as unusual. If you saw it in 1984/85 though you wouldn't have even understood what he was doing. He had a bag of other tricks that were completely original too.
Jeff R.: It was entirely scuffing, in the how to he did for the magazine it says he uses his brakes between kicks, but very close I admit...

Scuffing (ou squeaking)
Le squeak est une succession de frottements du pied sur le pneu qui fait avancer ou tourner votre vélo.
scurfer It's a surfer variation by Brian Scura where you take off the foot from the seat and let it hang, standing with one foot on the crossbar only. Brian Scura Freestyle august 1987
side glide Freestyling book: Dave Breed can take the credit for developing these.
steamroller Mark Eaton 1986
Mark Eaton, Ride BMX US april 2001: At the end of 1986 we -the Plywoodhoods- went to the AFA Velodrome contest (CA), and there were some groundbreaking tricks coming out like backyard and funky chickens, and we were trying to push some tricks and come up with whole new tricks. For the longest time I was working on holding the seat, pushing with my foot and then just cruising in the steamroller position, but whipping into it wasn't even a thought. No one had done any tricks were you didn't use the brake and whipped in it. When I got back from that AFA contest I was Really motivated and pumped to learn it. I was in my basement just trying and trying to whip into it, and finally, I was able to whip and hold it.

Lancer le cadre comme un whiplash, rattraper la selle avec une main, rouler sur la roue avant un pied servant de balancier.
Mark Eaton 1987

Chris Lashua 1988

Sebastien woody Bonnot 1989

Day Smith 1993
stick bitch A stick bitch is the same thing as a caboose.

Matt Hulgan: Actually "Stick B" was a BMX Plus edit since they didn't want to say "bitch" in their lilly white pages. I think the also reffer to fuck trucks as "F Trucks."

No footed stickB with Rollercoaster (coaster brake mod) pulled in 2007 By Alex Worden: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=azNv725ZHGI
stubble duck Mark Eaton had a trick called scrambled leg which was like an stubble duck but the bike is still and you switch your feet around.

Ceppie came up with the name stubble duck and then had to invent a trick for the name.
surfer Placing one foot on the seat and the other foot on the handlebars' crossbar while rolling.

Woody Itson came with the surfer into a backwards bar ride in 1988.

2002: Robin Jurglewicz detient le record du monde de vitesse en surfer sur un bmx: 39 km/h
Eddie Fiola 1984
switzerland squeaker RL Osborn, BMX Action september 1985: I started wheel-walkin' about a year ago, but I was standing on the front pegs. It was a variation for front wheel hops. Then, I saw Martin Aparijo and Eddie Fiola doin' it the same way. All three of us were attempting to perfect it using the front fork pegs. Then while I was in Switzerland (in May), I tried doing it with my left foot on the pedal and I got it dialed. I haven't seen Eddie or Martin since I got back, so I don't know if they learned it this way yet. Yup, it helped me a lot doing those shows in Switzerland.
Gork, BMX Action september 1985:
With the recorder goin' full bore and RL scooting backwards tons of times for the camera, I intensely quizzed the Rad Lad for every detail I could get on how to do this maneuver. Imagine my surprise back at the office when the last word I heard was "Switzerland" and then a "squeak... squeak... squeak!" of RL 's front brakes when he would push the wheel. Not one word was left from there on -only the squeaking of brakes drowning out all the taped info. After playing it over a few times for Steve, a little 60 watt light bulb appeared above his head. "That's what we'll call it, The SWITZERLAND SQUEAKER!" I thought that was kinda dumb at first, but after a few minutes of saying it, I began liking it The Switzerland Squeaker it was.
RL Osborn 1985
tailwhip Brian Blyther somewhere in the '80-'82 time frame. One of the best ramp riders invented one of the essential flatland tricks. (He didn't have a front brake or a Gyro, either)

Woody Itson, Freestylin july 1987: Brian Blyther was the first person to ever do a tailwhip, but I was the first person to ever get them wired. Then I learned double tailwhips, triple tailwhips and that was all back in 1984.
Freestylin #1 summer84
Brian Blyther 1984

Ride BMX US october 2000
time machine Jesse Puente 1992.
tomahawk Alex Jumelin 1999.

Stéphane Libersac 2000.
top gun Woody Itson was the master of power moves, and he was one who introduced this move.
track stand Brett Downs, www.pedalbmx.com, november 2005: What people call a track stand today is done on the peg. Back then we called it a fork stand. The track stand was done with the foot on the pedal and the hand on the tire for balance.
trolley Brett Downs, www.pedalbmx.com, november 2005: Aaron Dull and Kevin Jones invented two tricks at the same time on different coasts. Aaron called it the puppet and Kevin called it the Trolley. There is no difference. Woody Itson was the first to do it facing the handlebars.
undertaker Undertaker was invented by Bruce King. Freestylin july 1987.

Martin Aparijo 1987
vander roll Roulade inventée par Dave Vanderspek. 1985
top gun Woody Itson photo d'un allemand aux worlds 1989
walkover Fred Blood invented the Applecrate aka backside walkaround in 1986.

Ross Smith was doing quadruple rolling walkovers in 1998.
wheelchair 1987. Woody Itson credits his neighbor Stephan Sholtz with coming up with this one.

Brett Downs, www.pedalbmx.com, november 2005: The wheel chair was done with the bars backwards first. Robert Peterson did the more current version with the bars regular but he squeaked and didn't scuff it. He called it the squeakerson.
Woody Itson 1988.

Frank Lucas turbine wheelchair 2002.
whiplash In late 1986 rumor had it that a guy named David Gabriel from Virginia Beach had done a rolling forward tailwhip.
Ken Evans, october 2005: The mysterious inventor of the whiplash was David Gabriel.  David was another local that Denny Howell and I rode with quite often.  David lived in Chesapeake, Va at the time and it was the "impossible trick" of the day until he made it the first time, then we all knew it could be done.  We all sessioned that trick from time to time, but David was the one who dreamed it up and proved it could be done.

Mark Eaton was the first to bust out that trick in a contest in 1987 and made it popular along with his own Steamroller.
Mark Eaton, Ride BMX US april 2001: As soon as the steamroller came, I immediately started working on the whiplash because I knew it was going to happen. I just worked on doing the opposite smoothie out on the other foot. Once I was confortable whith that, I finally pulled it.
I heard that someone had doing it before but I kind of didn't believe it. Since freestyle was a lot smaller than it is now, it was kind of a little tighter... I assumed it was more of a rumor than anything.


Dennis McCoy invented the backwards whiplash in 1988.

Jeff R.: Joe Gruttola was the first guy i saw do double whiplashes.

Kevin Jones is doing 52 whiplashes down the hill in the Dorkin 4 1/2 video from 1991.

One handed whiplash Albert Retey 1996.
Freestylin november 1987

Dennis McCoy 1989

Jesse Puente 1997 one handed whiplash